This glossary is provided for general information only. It’s not meant to be a tool for self-diagnosis. For diagnosis consult a physician.
Saccharomyces - Saccharomyces sp (baker’s yeast) is reportedly allergenic.
Scopulariopsis - Scopulariopsis sp. may produce arsine gas if growing on arsenic substrate. This can occur on wallpapers covered with paris green. It has been found growing on a wide variety of materials including house dust. Scopulariopsis sp. is associated with type III allergy.
Serpula lacrymans - Serpula lacrymans is a common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I).
Sinusitis - Inflammation of the mucous membrane in the sinuses.
Sporobolomyces - Sporobolomyces sp. is reportedly allergenic.
Sporothrix - Sporothrix sp. can cause sporotrichosis. Usually only in populations which are immune compromised.
Sporotrichum - Sporotrichum sp. is reportedly allergenic. See also Sporothrix sp. there is some taxonomic confusion between these two genera. This genus does not cause sporotrichosis.
Stachybotrys - Stachybotrys sp. may produce a trichothecene mycotoxin- Satratoxin H – which is a poisonous by inhalation. The toxins are present on the fungal spores. Stachybotrys sp. grows on building material with high cellulose content and low nitrogen content. Stachybotrys sp. is rarely found in outdoor samples. It is usually difficult to find in indoor air samples unless it is physically disturbed or if it dries out and become airborne. There is controversy about toxigenic effects through inhalation of spores or mycelia.
Stemphylium - Stemphylium sp. is reportedly to be allergenic. Isolated from dead plants and cellulose materials.
Syncephalastrum - Syncephalastrum sp. can cause a respiratory infection characterized by a solid intracaitary fungal ball.