This glossary is provided for general information only. It’s not meant to be a tool for self-diagnosis. For diagnosis consult a physician.
Paecilomyces - Paecilomyces sp. is commonly found in soil and dust, less frequently in air. Paecilomyces variotii can cause paecilomycosis. It is linked to wood-trimmers disease and humidifier associated illnesses. Species of Paecilomyces are reportedly allergenic. Some members of this genus are reported to cause pneumonia. It may produce arsine gas if growing on arsenic substrate. This can occur on wallpapers covered with paris green.
Papulospora - Papulospora sp. is found in soil, textiles, decaying plants, manure, and paper.
Penicillium - A large number of organisms have have been placed in this genus. Identification to species is difficult. Often found in aerosol samples. Penicillium is commonly found in soil, food, cellulose and grains. It is also found in paint and compost piles. It may cause hypersensitivity pneumonitis, allergic alveolitis in susceptible individuals. It is reported to be allergenic. It is commonly found in carpet, wall paper, and in interior fiberglass duct insulation. Some species can produce mycotoxins. Common cause of extrinsic asthma (immediate-type hypersensitivity: type I). Acute symptoms include edema and bronchiospasms, chronic cases may develop pulmonary emphysema.
Periconia - No information available, more to come.
Phoma - Phoma sp. is a common indoor air allergen. The species are isolated from soil and associated plants (particularly potatoes). It will grow on butter, painted cement and rubber. Phoma sp. may cause phaeohyphomycosis, a systematic or subcutaneous disease.
Pithomyces - Pithomyces sp. can grow on dead grass in pastures. Causes facial eczema in ruminants.
Pneumonitis - Inflammation of the lungs.